Cunomaglos -Celtic Wolf Lord

Cunomaglos is usually translated as Hound (or Dog) Lord, however a deeper linguistic dive into his name and his Apollonian parallels suggest something quite different.

In ancient times Dogs and wolves were linguistically almost synonymous. Tracing backwards we can see how the Irish word for hound

๐˜ค๐˜ถฬ (see Cรบ Chulainn – Culannโ€™s Hound) derives from the Primitive Irish ๐˜ค๐˜ถ๐˜ฏ๐˜ข, itself from Proto-Celtic *๐˜ฌ๐˜ถฬ„ and ultimately from the theoretical Proto-Indo-European word for dog *๐˜ฌฬ๐˜ธ๐˜ฐฬ„ฬ.

The continental form of lupus, lykos, is rarely found in Celtic, save for the Ulkos coinage in the extinct Lepontic language from Cisalpine Gaul, where it is likely borrowed from the Graeco-Roman.

And then the Nettleton Shrub inscription dating from Roman era Wiltshire in the U.K.:

๐—ฑ๐—ฒ๐—ผ ๐—”๐—ฝ๐—ผ๐—น๐—น๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ถ ๐—–๐˜‚๐—ป๐—ผ๐—บ๐—ฎ๐—ด๐—น๐—ผ ๐—–๐—ผ๐—ฟ๐—ผ๐˜๐—ถ๐—ฐ๐—ฎ ๐—œ๐˜‚๐˜๐—ถ ๐—ณ๐—ถ๐—น(โ€ฆ)๐—ถ๐—ฎ ๐˜ƒ(โ€ฆ)๐—ผ๐˜๐˜‚๐—บ ๐˜€(โ€ฆ)๐—ผ๐—น๐˜ƒ๐—ถ๐˜ ๐—น(โ€ฆ)๐—ถ๐—ฏ๐—ฒ๐—ป๐˜€ ๐—บ(โ€ฆ)๐—ฒ๐—ฟ๐—ถ๐˜๐—ผ

๐˜›๐˜ฐ ๐˜ต๐˜ฉ๐˜ฆ ๐˜จ๐˜ฐ๐˜ฅ ๐˜ˆ๐˜ฑ๐˜ฐ๐˜ญ๐˜ญ๐˜ฐ ๐˜Š๐˜ถ๐˜ฏ๐˜ฐ๐˜ฎ๐˜ข๐˜จ๐˜ญ๐˜ฐ๐˜ด, ๐˜Š๐˜ฐ๐˜ณ๐˜ฐ๐˜ต๐˜ช๐˜ค๐˜ข, ๐˜ฅ๐˜ข๐˜ถ๐˜จ๐˜ฉ๐˜ต๐˜ฆ๐˜ณ ๐˜ฐ๐˜ง ๐˜๐˜ถ๐˜ต๐˜ถ๐˜ด, ๐˜ฑ๐˜ข๐˜ช๐˜ฅ ๐˜ฉ๐˜ฆ๐˜ณ ๐˜ท๐˜ฐ๐˜ธ, ๐˜ธ๐˜ช๐˜ญ๐˜ญ๐˜ช๐˜ฏ๐˜จ๐˜ญ๐˜บ, ๐˜ฅ๐˜ฆ๐˜ด๐˜ฆ๐˜ณ๐˜ท๐˜ฆ๐˜ฅ๐˜ญ๐˜บ

It seems from this that, Cunomaglus was used as a synonym for a local Britanno-Celtic god that was called Apollo on Latin inscriptions. The dedication above is for or by a woman with a Celtic name.

Apolloโ€™s Wolf connections are well attested and it is highly plausible that the two were perceived as similar deities, making Cunomaglus far more likely to be Lord of Wolves/Wolf Lord.

#Cunomaglus #cunomaglos #nettleton #apollo #lykaios #wolf #Wolflord #cu #Cuna #CรบChulainn #protoindoEuropean #wiltshire

โ€œWolfingโ€, Dรญberg and Fianna

โ€œBrigandage that is the activity of organised bands of killers, was particularly abhorrent to the Church, and in the Old Arraรญ is associated with Druidism and satirising among the sins for which there could be no remission of penance. It was regarded as a Pagan practice and evidently had its own ritualistic code of conduct.โ€ Dรญberg as defined by R. Sharpe.

Oโ€™Mulcronys Glossary describes the etymology of dรญberg as โ€œdรญ-bi-arg – โ€˜non-be-heroโ€™ for he is not reckoned with heroism like the hero of the fianna, for denial of God and and clientship with the Devil is not proper to heroism.โ€

This may very well be a later interpretative gloss by Christian scribes, as older sources make no distinction between those described as fiannas or dรญberg.

In the Togail Bruidne Da Derga, Connaire son of Eterscรฉl, King of Tara, and the sons of Dond Dรฉsa, the fรฉindid or fรญan-champion are fostered together. But when Connaire fulfils his destiny and succeeds his father as King of Tara – where taking of dรญberg is now taboo. Ultimately the three brothers continuing violent behaviour (dรญberg) in verses 19 and 20 is explicitly linked with Wolves:-

โ€œThey took up dรญberg with the sons of nobles of Ireland around them. A hundred and fifty of them under instruction when they were wolfing in the territory of Connachta.โ€

๐“๐จ๐ ๐š๐ข๐ฅ ๐๐ซ๐ฎ๐ข๐๐ง๐ž ๐ƒ๐š ๐ƒ๐ž๐ซ๐ ๐š

https://tinyurl.com/y4r9lwn5

#Fianna #diberg #dรญberg #oldIrish #fiannas #Connacht #Connachta #donddesa #TogailBruidneDaDerga #Connaire #Tara

Ancient Irish Wolf Warriors

๐–๐จ๐ฅ๐Ÿ ๐‚๐ฎ๐ฅ๐ญ๐ฌ ๐จ๐Ÿ ๐€๐ง๐œ๐ข๐ž๐ง๐ญ ๐ˆ๐ซ๐ž๐ฅ๐š๐ง๐

The warrior and dogs/wolves are often synonymous in ancient Irish lore. Particularly telling is an ancient Irish term for wolf, โ€œmac tireโ€ (literally translated as โ€œson of the landโ€). It is plausible that this is connected with the even older concept of the adolescent Indo European Wolf Cult – especially as โ€œvagabond warriorโ€ the original meaning of โ€œMac Tireโ€ gradually came to mean โ€œwolf.โ€

In Ancient Ireland, as in Old Norse Culture, it was common for Kings and warriors to have canine aspects to their names. Cรบ Chulainn is perhaps the most well known taking the name โ€œCulainnโ€™s hound,โ€ after killing the smith Culainns guard dog. The Fรญanna were renowned for their hunting hounds.

The Cรณir Anmann (The Fitness of Names) is a late medieval Irish tract where each verse/entry explains the meaning of an epithet associated with a character in early history or mythology. Verse 215 in particular contains a very revealing description

๐˜“๐˜ข๐˜ช๐˜จ๐˜ฏ๐˜ฆ๐˜ค๐˜ฉ ๐˜๐˜ขฬ๐˜ฆ๐˜ญ๐˜ข๐˜ฅ, ๐˜ต๐˜ฉ๐˜ข๐˜ต ๐˜ช๐˜ด, ๐˜ฉ๐˜ฆ ๐˜ธ๐˜ข๐˜ด ๐˜ต๐˜ฉ๐˜ฆ ๐˜ฎ๐˜ข๐˜ฏ ๐˜ต๐˜ฉ๐˜ข๐˜ต ๐˜ถ๐˜ด๐˜ฆ๐˜ฅ ๐˜ต๐˜ฐ ๐˜ด๐˜ฉ๐˜ช๐˜ง๐˜ต ๐˜ช๐˜ฏ๐˜ต๐˜ฐ ๐˜ง๐˜ขฬ๐˜ฆ๐˜ญ๐˜ข๐˜ฅ, ๐˜ช.๐˜ฆ. ๐˜ธ๐˜ฐ๐˜ญ๐˜ง-๐˜ด๐˜ฉ๐˜ข๐˜ฑ๐˜ฆ๐˜ด. ๐˜๐˜ฆ ๐˜ข๐˜ฏ๐˜ฅ ๐˜ฉ๐˜ช๐˜ด ๐˜ฐ๐˜ง๐˜ง๐˜ด๐˜ฑ๐˜ณ๐˜ช๐˜ฏ๐˜จ ๐˜ข๐˜ง๐˜ต๐˜ฆ๐˜ณ ๐˜ฉ๐˜ช๐˜ฎ ๐˜ถ๐˜ด๐˜ฆ๐˜ฅ ๐˜ต๐˜ฐ ๐˜จ๐˜ฐ, ๐˜ธ๐˜ฉ๐˜ฆ๐˜ฏ๐˜ฆ๐˜ท๐˜ฆ๐˜ณ ๐˜ต๐˜ฉ๐˜ฆ๐˜บ ๐˜ฑ๐˜ญ๐˜ฆ๐˜ข๐˜ด๐˜ฆ๐˜ฅ, ๐˜ช๐˜ฏ๐˜ต๐˜ฐ ๐˜ต๐˜ฉ๐˜ฆ ๐˜ด๐˜ฉ๐˜ข๐˜ฑ๐˜ฆ๐˜ด ๐˜ฐ๐˜ง ๐˜ต๐˜ฉ๐˜ฆ ๐˜ธ๐˜ฐ๐˜ญ๐˜ท๐˜ฆ๐˜ด, ๐˜ข๐˜ฏ๐˜ฅ, ๐˜ข๐˜ง๐˜ต๐˜ฆ๐˜ณ ๐˜ต๐˜ฉ๐˜ฆ ๐˜ค๐˜ถ๐˜ด๐˜ต๐˜ฐ๐˜ฎ ๐˜ฐ๐˜ง ๐˜ธ๐˜ฐ๐˜ญ๐˜ท๐˜ฆ๐˜ด, ๐˜ฌ๐˜ช๐˜ญ๐˜ญ ๐˜ต๐˜ฉ๐˜ฆ ๐˜ฉ๐˜ฆ๐˜ณ๐˜ฅ๐˜ด. ๐˜ž๐˜ฉ๐˜ฆ๐˜ณ๐˜ฆ๐˜ง๐˜ฐ๐˜ณ๐˜ฆ ๐˜ฉ๐˜ฆ ๐˜ธ๐˜ข๐˜ด ๐˜ค๐˜ข๐˜ญ๐˜ญ๐˜ฆ๐˜ฅ ๐˜“๐˜ข๐˜ช๐˜จ๐˜ฏ๐˜ฆ๐˜ค๐˜ฉ ๐˜๐˜ขฬ๐˜ฆ๐˜ญ๐˜ข๐˜ฅ, ๐˜ง๐˜ฐ๐˜ณ ๐˜ฉ๐˜ฆ ๐˜ธ๐˜ข๐˜ด ๐˜ต๐˜ฉ๐˜ฆ ๐˜ง๐˜ช๐˜ณ๐˜ด๐˜ต ๐˜ฐ๐˜ง ๐˜ต๐˜ฉ๐˜ฆ๐˜ฎ ๐˜ต๐˜ฐ ๐˜จ๐˜ฐ ๐˜ช๐˜ฏ๐˜ต๐˜ฐ ๐˜ข ๐˜ธ๐˜ฐ๐˜ญ๐˜ง-๐˜ด๐˜ฉ๐˜ข๐˜ฑ๐˜ฆ.

โ€œFรกeladโ€ translates to โ€œwolf-shapeโ€ or โ€œwolfingโ€ and this was also connected to the activity of warrior bands called dรญberga (marauders, brigands) in the Togail Bruidne Da Derga.

๐‚๐จฬ๐ข๐ซ ๐€๐ง๐ฆ๐š๐ง๐ง

http://www.maryjones.us/ctexts/fitness_of_names.html

๐“๐จ๐ ๐š๐ข๐ฅ ๐๐ซ๐ฎ๐ข๐๐ง๐ž ๐ƒ๐š ๐ƒ๐ž๐ซ๐ ๐š

https://en.m.wikisource.org/wiki/The_Destruction_of_Dรก_Dergaโ€™s_Hostel

Image adapated from original by ๐˜€๐—ฎ๐—ฎ๐—ด๐—ฎ๐—ถ on deviantart

#Ireland #wolfcult #CรบChulainn #IndoEuropean #TogailBruidneDaDerga #Fรกelad #CรณirAnmann #LaignechFรกelad #dรญberga #mannerbund #mรคnnerbund #mรคnnerbunde

She wolves and Wolf Goddesses

Last year I gave a 1 hour talk on Female Werewolves and Wolf Goddesses at the Heathen Women United Conference

Link to full audio – https://tinyurl.com/y3q5sfp3

#shewolfpack #shewolf #shewolves #dianagoddessofthehunt #dianagoddess #apollo #miletos #shewolvesofjulich #hecate #letogoddessofmotherhood #ruminagoddess #lupercalia #latonagoddess

Old Norse and Irish Shapeshifters

Metamorphoses: a Comparative Study of Representations of Shape- Shifting in Old Norse and Medieval Irish Narrative Literature

A fascinating overview of shape shifting in Old Norse and medieval Irish literature by Camilla Michelle With Pedersen.

Full paper here:

https://tinyurl.com/ybykbqf7